Google Project Zero experts estimate that 11 0-day vulnerabilities, actively exploited by hackers, were identified in the first half of 2020.The current number of 0-day problems indicates that, most likely, that overall this year will be identified the same number of zero-day vulnerabilities, as in 2019 (20).
The link above leads to the company’s internal statistics, which Google specialists collected and tracked since 2014. So, for the first half of 2020, experts included the following problems in their list.
1. Firefox (CVE-2019-17026)
The patches are included with Firefox 72.0.1 and are available here.
2. Internet Explorer (CVE-2020-0674)
The problem was exploited by the North Korean hacker group DarkHotel, in conjunction with the aforementioned 0-day bug in the Firefox browser. Both issues have been used to track targets in China and Japan, and have been discovered by Qihoo 360 and JP-CERT experts. Victims of this campaign were redirected to a site where either a Firefox or IE vulnerability was exploited; later victims were infected with the RAT Gh0st.
The patches are included in the February “Patch Tuesday” and are available here.
3. Chrome (CVE-2020-6418)
The vulnerability was identified by experts from the Google Threat Analysis Group, but there are no details about the attacks that exploited the problem.
The bug was fixed with the release of Chrome version 80.0.3987.122, patches are available here.
4 and 5. Trend Micro OfficeScan (CVE-2020-8467 and CVE-2020-8468).
Trend Micro employees spotted both zero days. The bugs supposely have been discovered when Trend Micro investigated a different, older zero-day issue in the same product, used for hacking of Mitsubishi Electric.
The patches can be found here.
6 and 7. Firefox (CVE-2020-6819 and CVE-2020-6820)
Detailed information about the attacks that used these 0-days has not yet been published, although cybersecurity researchers speculate that these problems could be part of a chain of exploits.
Vulnerabilities are fixed in Firefox 74.0.1, patches are available here.
8, 9, and 10. Microsoft (CVE-2020-0938, CVE-2020-1020, and CVE-2020-1027)
Google experts found and reported about all three bugs to Microsoft engineers. As with most other Google Threat Analysis Group “discoveries”, the details of these issues are kept secret and nothing is known about the attacks. The vulnerabilities were fixed as part of the April “update Tuesday”, patches are available here.
11. Sophos XG Firewall (CVE 2020-12271)
Earlier in 2020, an unknown group of hackers discovered and exploited this vulnerability. Later Sophos experts said that using the bug, hackers tried to deploy the Ragnarok ransomware on infected hosts, but the company said that it blocked most of the attempts.
Patches are available here.
Let me remind you that in 2019, Google specialists discovered 20 zero-day vulnerabilities, 11 of which were found in Microsoft products.
At the same time, experts explain that Microsoft has the most bugs, as there are more security tools designed to detect bugs in Windows.